Glossary (S)

Terms commonly used in the real estate and mortgage marketplace.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Sale-Leaseback

A transaction in which the buyer leases the property back to the seller for a specified period of time.

Second Mortgage

A mortgage that has a lien position subordinate to the first mortgage.

Secondary Mortgage Market

The market in which mortgage loan and mortgage-backed securities are bought and sold.

Secured Loan

A loan that is backed by property such as a house, car, jewelry, etc.

Securities

A financial form that shows the holder owns a share or shares of a company (stock) or has loaned money to a company or government organization (bond).

Securities

Financial forms that shows the holder owns a share or shares of a company (stocks) or has loaned money to a company or government organization (bonds).

Security

The property that will be given or pledged as collateral for a loan.

Seller Take-Back

An agreement in which the seller of a property provides financing to the buyer for the home purchase. See also “Owner Financing.”

Servicemembers Civil Relief Act

A federal law that restricts the enforcement of civilian debts against certain military personnel who may not be able to pay because of active military service. It also provides other protections to certain military personnel.

Servicer

A firm that performs servicing functions, including collecting mortgage payments, paying the borrower’s taxes and insurance and generally managing borrower escrow accounts.

Servicing

The tasks a lender performs to protect the mortgage investment, including the collection of mortgage payments, escrow administration, and delinquency management.

Settlement

The process of completing a loan transaction at which time the mortgage documents are signed and then recorded, funds are disbursed, and the property is transferred to the buyer (if applicable). Also called closing or escrow in different jurisdictions. See also “Closing.”

Settlement Statement

A document that lists all closing costs on a consumer mortgage transaction.

Single-Family Properties

One- to four-unit properties including detached homes, townhouses, condominiums, and cooperatives, and manufactured homes attached to a permanent foundation and classified as real property under applicable state law.

Soft Second Loan

A second mortgage whose payment is forgiven or is deferred until resale of the property.

Subordinate Financing

Any mortgage or other lien with lower priority than the first mortgage.

Survey

A precise measurement of a property by a licensed surveyor, showing legal boundaries of a property and the dimensions and location of improvements.

Sweat Equity

A borrower’s contribution to the down payment for the purchase of a property in the form of labor or services rather than cash.